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What do you need to know before IVF

IVF Riga
IVF is a long and not easy process that will require your understanding, serious attitude and following all the recommendations of your doctor.

Both you and your partner should think in the same way and put all your energy into achieving the cherished goal. Mutual insults and accusations are useless - they will not help in any way, but will only cause unwanted stress or even depression. In addition, according to statistics, the causes of infertility in 35% of cases can be in female, in 35% of cases - in male, every fifth case of infertility is caused by problems with male and female at the same time, and 10% of cases are due to the "unclear" infertility. So strive for the long-awaited goal together.

Already from the moment when you realized that you want to have a child, you need to maintain a healthy lifestyle:
  • achieve a healthy weight (both obesity and underweight negatively effects IVF success rates. Besides, overweight will interfere during ovaries monitoring and may cause complications during egg retrieval);
  • try to get rid of bad habits (alcohol, smoking, other substances), avoid stress, overwork.
It is important to find "right" clinic.
The most important thing is, of course, professionalism and experience of:
  • reproductive specialists, their experience and possibility to provide an individual plan of examinations and treatment, based on your anamnesis;
  • andrology doctors who can help with male infertility;
  • experienced embryologists who fertilize your oocytes, "grow" your embryos and perform embryo biopsy to check for genetics;
  • geneticists who, if necessary, are able to test embryos for the presence of genetic pathologies before transferring;
  • as well as the technical capabilities of the clinic: its own modern equipped embryology laboratory, genetic centre, andrology centre, so that all examinations and testing are carried out on-site, and you can receive clear comments, explanation and advice on your condition and the tests received.
Moreover, it is important for you to feel supported: the clinic should inspire confidence and a sense of security, understanding from the staff; you should feel comfortable, homely, you should be sure that this is the place where you will be helped.

Pay close attention to your doctor's recommendations and seriously consider the possibility and necessity (exactly for you) to use advanced methods of treatment (embryo cultivation until day 5, embryo biopsy, genetic testing) to minimize the probability of failure.

Before starting an IVF cycle, both you and your partner will need to undergo mandatory examinations and pass the necessary tests:
  • all necessary blood tests - thyroid hormones, AMH, FSH, estradiol level, prolactin, blood type and Rh factor; tests for infectious diseases (chlamydia, syphilis, HIV, etc.);
  • Hysterosalpingography (examination of the shape and patency of the fallopian tubes) or Hysteroscopy (examination of the uterine cavity using an optical probe);
  • for men - sperm analysis (assessment of sperm structure, concentration, motility). If deviations from the norm are detected, consultation of an andrologist is needed to establish the causes and prescribe possible treatment, as well as to identify possible diseases of the reproductive system. Remember that weight optimization, micronutrient and vitamin supplementation, and wearing boxers instead of briefs could also help to improve sperm quality.
IVF cycle – read here about the IVF cycle step by step

It is important to know that after the transfer of the embryo into the uterine cavity (embryo transfer), you will be individually prescribed hormonal drugs to ensure the most comfortable conditions for implantation and further development of the embryo.

What to do after the embryo transfer?

  • During this period, you need to rest as much as possible
  • Try to avoid excessive physical exertion
  • It is not recommended to be in the sun a lot
  • Eat a balanced diet with natural foods rich in protein and fiber. Remember to drink at least 2 liters of water per day
  • Sexual contact is not recommended for 3-4 weeks
  • Try not to overcool, also do not visit the bath and sauna
  • On the 14th day after embryo transfer, pass the tests – check the level of hCG and progesterone
Focus on positive, reduce stress, be patient, try to worry less and remember that you are not alone: according to statistics, the frequency of infertile couples in the world ranges from 15 to 20%. Even if you didn't succeed the first time, you should not give up! According to Dr. Violeta Fodina, the founder and leading reproductive specialist of the iVF Riga clinic, there is always a way out - you just need to believe and act!