iVF Riga opened the first official reproductive tissue bank in Europe. The need to preserve one`s genetic material can occur while planning treatment for cancer or other serious diseases. After the treatment of such diseases, there is an enormous risk of infertility. The decision to freeze and keep in a bank one`s own reproductive cells can also be taken by perfectly healthy people who are not currently planning having children, but wish to exclude the possibility of infertility at a time when a pregnancy would be desirable. In an IVF treatment cycle several oocytes can be fertilized. Typically, only one or two embryos can be implanted, so the other embryos are sent for cryoconservation. Embryos can be safely stored in a genetic material bank for 10 years, waiting for the next transfer to a female body. At the time when the couple plans another child, embryos will be thawed and transferred into the uterus of a patient.
It is evident today that modern methods of freezing and storage of genetic material is perfectly safe. Theoretically, genetic material can be stored in the bank forever, but Latvian legislation restricts the storage for a period of 10 years.