It is very important to prepare for the semen analysis correctly for the most clear and adequate research of the ejaculate and for the right interpretation of the results to make the diagnosis and to choose necessary medical treatment.
Main rules that must be followed before the semen analysis:
- Before the semen analysis, you should abstain from sexual activity minimum for 3 days, but no more than 7 days. Sex the day before analysis may lead to a decrease of volume and number of sperm in ejaculate. More than seven days abstinence before the semen analysis can lead to the death of the mature sperm cells, which are capable to fertilization.
- You should abstain from the use of alcohol or any other drugs (including “Spice”, marijuana) in any form in order to avoid sperm motility decreasing, changing of their form and even death.
- It is recommended to abstain from strong black tea, coffee and smoking the day before the test to improve the indicators of the ejaculate.
- It is recommended to exclude fat, fried food that can reduce the total volume of the ejaculate and sperm motility. To improve sperm parameters it is useful to use plant foods rich in vitamins and fiber (fruits and vegetables), protein (lean meat, beef, chicken, rabbit), dairy products. Also, to improve the process of sperm maturation in the testes it is important to use enough vitamins (especially vitamin C and zinc).
- Total hyperthermia negatively affects the development of sperm, because the optimal temperature for it maturation should be 1-2 degrees lower than normal body temperature (34-350 C). So it is not recommended to attend bath and take a hot bath the day before the sperm test.
It is not recommended to make the sperm analysis:
- if you have colds and acute respiratory viral infections with fever;
- in the presence of inflammatory processes in the organs of the urogenital system (urethritis, prostatitis);
- if you have infections and sexually transmitted diseases (STDs). Infections, such as brucellosis, gonorrhea, influenza, mumps, syphilis, tuberculosis and typhoid, can cause the testicles to atrophy and result in low sperm motility and low sperm count. STDs, such as chlamydia and gonorrhea, can block the epididymis tubes, which leads to infertility.
- while taking antibiotics or antidepressants;
- when using anabolic steroids, which can lead to disruption of hormonal functions required for sperm production.
In all the above described cases, you need to make semen analysis not earlier than 1-2 weeks after recovery in order to normalize the clinical and laboratory parameters for the complete removal of drugs from the body.
It is also recommended to limit excessive and prolonged physical activity before the analysis, as the overwork of the body, the accumulation of lactic acid in the muscles and a decline of testosterone level can cause poor semen parameters.
Stresses, lack of sleep and emotional overload can cause hormonal background disorders of the patient due to the increase of impulsation in the nervous system.
It is recommended to make the semen analysis directly in the clinic for the reliability of research in order to avoid false worsening due to various physical factors during transportation.
For the most accurate results, it is recommended to make two researches of semen with an interval of three weeks. If the results of these analyzes are significantly different, you should make a third, additional semen analysis.
You need to read carefully the instruction to the end before the analysis and to follow it strictly.
If the material is obtained out of clinic, it should be delivered for one hour, keeping the temperature conditions (20-400 C) and must not be cooled below 100 C.