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What are the potential uses of human stem cells?

Investigation of the possibilities of stem cells is one of the most fascinating areas of modern biology. Stem cells have the unique ability to recover damaged areas of organs and tissues. As soon as a signal has been received of any malfunction in the organism, stem cells rush through the bloodstream to the damaged organs. They help to restore almost any diseased organ, differentiating into the required types of cells (bone, smooth muscle, liver, cardiac muscle, nerve) and forcing internal reserves to restore damaged tissues or organs. At the current stage of scientific development one can confidently assert that achievements in the field of stem cells make their use in medicine almost unlimited.

Already today, stem cells are widely used to treat more than 80 diseases, even those that until recently were considered to be incurable and might have resulted in the death of a child at an early age, including various defects of foetal development, the effects of birth injury.

The use of stem cells has prospects for the treatment of most major diseases faced by people during their lifetime:

  • Disorders of the hematopoietic system
  • Leukaemia
  • Diseases of the immune system
  • Congenital disorders of metabolism
  • Oncological diseases and effects of radio- or chemotherapy
  • Diseases of the internal organs
  • Congenital genetic diseases
  • Autoimmune disorders (diabetes mellitus, multiple sclerosis, ulcerative colitis)
  • Diseases of the nervous system (stroke, cerebral paralysis,
  • hypoxic-ischemic encephalopathy, sensorineural deafness, peripheral nervous system disorders)
  • Cardiovascular disease
  • Diseases of the musculoskeletal system
  • Liver diseases
  • Injuries
  • Burns
  • Dental defects
  • Allergic diseases
  • Bronchial asthma

Stem cells have huge potential and major scientific laboratories around the world are carrying out continuous research in the field of cell technology. Scientists are finding new ways of using of stem cells in the treatment of many serious diseases; vast experience has been accumulated. It has already been proven in practice that the use of stem cells is effective even when traditional medicine is powerless.