Different types of stem cells

Human stem cells can be divided into:

  1. Hematopoietic (blood-forming)
  2. Mesenchymal (stromal)

Hematopoietic stem cells

Hematopoietic stem cells have the ability to transform in blood cells. They participate in the formation of immunity, fight off infections, deliver oxygen to organs and tissues and take part in the blood coagulation process. These cells are updated throughout life.


Mesenchymal stem cells

Mesenchymal stem cells are able to differentiate in osteoblasts (bone cells), chondrocytes (cartilage cells) and adipocytes (fat cells) and form elements of nervous tissue and blood vessels. This is why the mesenchymal stem cells have a wide range of possible use in transplantation medicine. It is also important to note that mesenchymal stem cells are able to suppress inflammatory reactions by moving to the site of inflammation, and participating in the recovery process of tissues and organs; to stimulate the growth of blood vessels and increase the survival of other cells. The main source of these cells is bone marrow; they are also present in adipose tissue and in other tissues with good blood circulation – in the umbilical cord, for example.

In modern medicine, the collection of stem cells at the time of childbirth is considered a priority. If umbilical cord blood is collected during birth and the selected stem cells are put in the Cryobank, in the future they can be used to recover almost any tissue and organ of this person. have the ability to transform in blood cells. They participate in the formation of immunity, fight off infections, deliver oxygen to organs and tissues and take part in the blood coagulation process. These cells are updated throughout life.
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